List of Spanish question words or interrogative words What? To whom? It is a good introduction to the subject. Learn the Difference Between 'Por Qué' and 'Para Qué' in Spanish, Translating "Here" and "There" While Speaking Spanish, How To Use Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish. They... dónde — where — … Unfortunately, they are not just interchangeable, but there are some simple rules to … - ¿Cuales? / ¿Cuáles? The noun can either appear immediately after the verb or appear later in the sentence. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. https://www.thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368 (accessed January 25, 2021). When you're reading, that question mark tells you right away that what follows is a question, and you can adjust your intonation accordingly. ), ¿Cuántos hermanos tiene Juan? Also see: Interrogative Words - part two In Spanish, the general form is for the noun to follow the verb. The interrogative clause can be formed by inflection in Spanish. Spanish question word + conjugated verb + Subject (optional) + content of our question Regarding the answers, try to use the main verb in the question in your reply. ), ¿Quién es tu profesor? What? interrogative definition: 1. a word or sentence used when asking a question: 2. the form of a sentence that is used for…. ). (At least the mysteries in the Spanish-speaking world.) Select the correct interrogative word. (How old are you? Online Quizzes for CliffsNotes Spanish I QuickReview, 2nd Edition Quiz: Interrogative Pronouns (Question Words) Previous Interrogative Pronouns Question Words ¿Qué? Erichsen, Gerald. Interrogative pronouns - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish What is an interrogative pronoun? Erichsen, Gerald. (How many brothers does Juan have? Complete the sentence by selecting the correct word from the dropdown. They can make you think, they can spark a conversation, and they can even help you let someone know you care. - ¿Qué? = Which? ), ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? - ¿A quién? In written Spanish, all you have to do is frame what you want to ask with question marks (¿?). Some question words can also form question phrases with nouns: Unlike yes or no questions, open questions do sometimes require an inversion in their word order. qué — what (The phrases por qué and para qué are usually translated as "why." Here are the most common question words in Spanish: Qué. Principal Translations: Inglés: Español: interrogative adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." "Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish." A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. They don't have such a catchy name in Spanish, but they are also headed by a question word. Following are the interrogative pronouns in Spanish with their translations and examples of their usage. They don't have such a catchy name in Spanish, but they are also headed by a question word. In spoken Spanish, you simply raise the pitch of your voice at the end of the question. - ¿Cuál? The following questions are all correct and ask the same thing: In spoken Spanish, you can differentiate yes or no question from regular sentences by their rising intonation. Why? And remember- questions in Spanish begin with the upside down question mark. The question word or phrase is always followed by the verb. (In what office do you work? (You speak English, right? Start studying Spanish Interrogative Words (Question Words). Who? - ¿Cuándo? In Spanish the interrogative adjectives are qué (meaning which or what) and cuánto / cuánta / cuántos / cuántas (meaning how much/how many). Learn List of Spanish interrogatives. Por qué is more common than para qué. (questioning) interrogativo/a adj adjetivo: Describe el sustantivo.Puede ser posesivo, numeral, demostrativo ("casa [b]grande[/b]", "mujer [b]alta[/b]"). ), ¿Por qué estudias español? Asking questions in Spanish is quite similar to asking questions in English. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. There are a few differences between English and Spanish question words. Spanish grammar lesson 14: Interrogative Words - part one ¿Quién? ThoughtCo. ¿Quién es? Spanish audio component to improve pronunciation and interactive quiz to practice grammar As you may already have guessed, this means we no longer need a noun in the question. In English, they are often known as Wh- questions, since they are often headed by question words such as "why" or "what". ), Quién changes to Quiénes when it is plural, Cuánto has a feminine form, Cuánta, and both the masculine and the feminine forms add an "s" at the end to mark the plural (Cuántos and Cuántas), ¿En qué oficina trabajas? Where is the library? ¿Cuándo? (With whom do you go to the theater? interrogative translate: interrogativo, interrogatorio/oria [masculine-feminine, singular], interrogativo/iva…. The words in square brackets like [this] are optional. These are the questions that will get you the simpler answers (yes, no, or I don't know). (in packet) (10-15 minutes)-Have the students do the conversation again in Spanish. Literally, how many years do you have? Which in Spanish: ¿Cuál/ Cuáles? ), ¿Con quién vas al teatro? The Interrogative pronouns (pronombres interrogativos), or question words, in Spanish grammar are qué, quién and cuál. Learn about interrogative 1 in Spanish while playing the Spanish Sentence Quiz. Use of interrogative words, and inverted question mark. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary. (2020, August 26). Check out the 3 day lesson plan and activity packet to go with this song at: http://www.senorashby.com/thewordque.html To start with, some Spanish question words can vary according to the number and gender of the person or thing they are referring to: When a preposition is needed, it is always added before the pronoun: These combinations of preposition + question word are called question phrases. Have the groups be the same, but switch the parts. / Which ones? ), Rosario toma café (Rosario drinks coffee) → ¿Rosario toma café? It's really just a matter of learning the vocabulary. This adjective is used when there is a real or imaginary list of things to choose from or when those options are available when speaking. (In packet) (5-10 minutes)-One practice round, then the final competition. - ¿Dónde? Here are the most common question words in Spanish: Although they don't affect the pronunciation, the accent marks in these question words are particularly important, since they are what sets them apart from relative pronouns, so don't forget to include them! Basically, you use “qué” when you have no idea what something is, but “cuál” when there’s … Now that you understand Spanish interrogatives, start trying to ask some simple questions to use what you have learned. Which? When? / ¿A quienes? and ¿Cuál? Question words can obviously be used in conjunction with other vocabulary, such as the examples provided in the list with prepositions. (Does Rosario drink coffee? (Who is your teacher? Also, some of the pronouns exist in singular and plural forms and (in the case of cuánto) masculine and feminine forms that should match the noun they stand for. ), Tú hablas inglés, ¿verdad? Here we discuss how to ask "who," "which," "what," and "when." Cómo how Cuál which one Cuáles which ones Cuándo when: Cuánto(a) how much/many Dónde where Adónde (to) where De dónde (from) where: Where? Learn more. ¿Adónde va Raúl? or what?) You will also learn the plural interrogative if there is one. ), ¿Cuántos años tienes? As in English, questions can be formed in Spanish without the interrogatives, although Spanish is more flexible in its word order. (Where does Juan live? How to ask questions and write sentences in Spanish. - ¿Por qué? (Which is your favorite book? Who? What. Have a "The Word Qué means what" singing competition rematch. ), ¿Dónde vive Juan? Here are some more examples where you can see this in action: By now, you have probably noticed that opening question mark. In both Spanish and English, interrogative pronouns are typically placed at or very near the beginning of a sentence. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368. ¿Dónde está la biblioteca? Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish. ), ¿Cómo aprendiste inglés? Scored. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (meaning which? Accordingly, they are also the easiest questions to form. The ending question mark acts as a full stop. Spanish question words. Many of the interrogative pronouns also can be used in indirect questions (as opposed to questions) while retaining the accent mark. The Spanish Interrogatives quién, quiénes — who, whom — ¿Quién es tu amiga? They can be used in direct and indirect questions. As you continue studying, you'll pick up more of these combinations naturally - so just concern yourself with USING one question word at a time. (Who is your friend?) All Free. Start studying Spanish Interrogative Words (Question Words). (Is the house big? ¿Cuál? (How did you learn English? All Rights Reserved, Juan habla inglés (Juan speaks English) → ¿Juan habla inglés? Where is Raul going? Given a word in English and scrambled letters, you must rearrange the letters to correctly spell the Spanish translation. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/interrogative-pronouns-spanish-3079368. Since a pronoun is a word that substitutes a noun and an interrogative word is a word we use when asking a question, an interrogative pronoun is, quite simply, a pronoun used in order to form questions. Take advantage of our easy to use chart to learn 25 Spanish vocabulary words. interrogative - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Spanish Interrogative words are extremely necessary when learning the language. In English, they are often known as Wh- questions, since they are often headed by question words such as "why" or "what". Las palabras interrogativas: Interrogative Words - Exercise 1 Select the correct interrogative word. As you may have noticed, the interrogative pronouns are all spelled with accent marks that do not affect the pronunciation. All of these words have an accent. Our next interrogative is the word “what.” This one’s so commonly used … See more. That said, it is possible to alter that order. man, dog, house). Open questions are the ones that will get you detailed answers. Interrogative pronouns are always written with an accent in order to differentiate them from the relative pronouns que, el cual and quien. Note that like all other Spanish question words, qué and cuánto have accents on them. So, here's a good question: How do interrogatives work in Spanish? (What do you want to study? Study online or print them out and take them with you. The pronoun is the only word needed. ¿A quiénes conociste? (Who is it?) The answer to that question, fortunately, is not too complicated. Spanish Grammar - Interrogative words - part one. All these questions follow the traditional subject-verb-object order of Spanish (which happens to be the same order used in most English phrases). For questions beginning with “which one”, use “Cuál” and answer with “El/La + adjective”, e.g. Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. Erichsen, Gerald. - ¿De dónde? ¿qué? Exercise IV: Work on the difference between qué, cuál, and cuáles. "Interrogative Pronouns in Spanish." This lesson presents a very practical way to look at interrogatives as a group without inviting the problems of classifying them as pronouns or adverbs. 2. Exercise II: More practice selecting the correct interrogative word. Note also that many of the interrogative pronouns can be used as other parts of speech, including adjectives and adverbs, either with or without the accent marks, depending on the context. Here are the words to help you solve all the world's mysteries. It's that easy! (Literally: To … ), ¿Cuál es tu libro favorito? doesn’t change for the feminine and plural forms. Note that in some cases the pronouns can vary in translation when they follow a preposition. To ask a yes or no question in Spanish, you simply put question marks around a normal sentence. Do the partner conversation. (When is your birthday? Interrogative pronouns are those pronouns that are used almost exclusively in questions. ), La casa es grande (The house is big) → ¿La casa es grande? (one person) - ¿Quién? Let's start answering it by looking at the different types of questions. In Spanish, asking a question that can be answered sí or no is extremely easy. It shouldn't be followed by any kind of punctuation other than an exclamation mark, and the adjacent word is always capitalized. Where…from? interrogative - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. En español, las oraciones interrogativas se pueden formar mediante entonación. 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