Key artists of this group include Ramses Younan (1913-1966), Fouad Kamel (1919-1973) and Georges Henein (1914-1973) who produced work with a ‘shock value’ that emphasized the harsh realities of the time. In the early decades of this century, Moslem custom kept upper- She was tall, self-assured, and fashionably dressed; it was difficult to envision her in prison attire.' Notable works of this time include ‘Young Girl and Monster’ which depicts a frightened girl running while being chased by a vulture along with trees that symbolized as she states ‘people who were suffering, and representing dreams and spirits.’ (2) Inji would eventually become one of the first women to study in the art department of the University of Cairo in 1945. Many of these women used their art to raise political and social consciousness in the wake of the country developing a national identity. When a crisis or tragedy occurs, one can become more strong, or be destroyed. Inji Efflatoun, ‘Country Sheikh,’ c. 1950s, oil on panel, 70 x 45cm., Image courtesy of Mathaf, Museum of Modern Art, Doha. A Century in Flux: Highlights from the Barjeel art Foundation. In 1956 the artist met Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) when he visited Egypt and his social realist work had a tremendous impact on her own. Inji Efflatoun, Portrait of a Fellaha, c. 1960, oil on canvas, 50 x 70 cm, Courtesy Safarkhan Art Gallery. Inji Efflatoun, Dreams of the Detainee, 1961, Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm. Inji Efflatoun 'ahlam almuetaqala (Dreams of the Detainee) LOT SOLD.68,750GBP. Inji Efflatoun, Expectation, c. 1940s, Ink on paper, 12 x 21 cm. Image courtesy of Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah, After some time I lost the desire to paint the prison and its inmates — the whole place disgusted me. Before I didn’t compromise. She further pursued her art education under the tutelage of Kamel El Telmissany, one of the founders of the Art and Freedom movement. BARJEEL ART FOUNDATION Mailing Address Emirates Sail Tower, Level 4P Corniche Street, Buhairah Corniche Buhairah Corniche Al Majaz 3, Sharjah +971 6 569 1112 The breadth of Inji Efflatoun’s artwork embraces socialist literature, surrealism, feminism and political activism. I did indeed paint her and her son - this was one of the paintings that were confiscated by the Criminal Investigations Department… (4), LaDuke, Betty. In Sa’id Khayyal, ed. Mona Hatoum, Witness. 2020. During Gamal Abdel Nasser’s regime, she was arrested under a decree authorising the detention of women taking part in political activism. Inji Efflatoun, Dreams of the Detainee, 1961, Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm. An entire exhibition wing holds eleven of her poignant paintings. With five or ten years of Parisian study I would be a better artist, but I would know nothing of my country, and then it would be too late. Fortunately I have not been faced with this situation, but am sending my utmost regards to the creative community and extended families at this difficult time. Now if I see someone’s weakness, I accept it’” (1). Biography Inji Efflatoun was an artist and political activist born into an upper-class francophone family of landowners in 1924. While we sulk in our seventh season of our favorite Netflix series, I wanted to share an enlightening story on a pioneer Egyptian artist who will turn our trivial complaints into plain bonafide excuses. Inji Efflatoun, ‘Portrait of a Prisoner’ 1960. The story of the Egyptian modern artist Inji Efflatoun (1924-1989) is one of bravery, perseverance and ingenuity—sprinkled with humor and wit. Born into a liberal upper class francophone family in Cairo, she received art classes at 14 years old from the esteemed Kamel El-Telmissany (1915-1972), noted as an active artist, critic, poet, political activist and filmmaker. Her work in both spheres has left a lasting impact on generations of artists and Egyptian feminists and social activists; and as articulated in her manifestos along with her depictions that honor the everyday humble Egyptians and beautiful rural landscapes. It’s been an overwhelming sensation to face the fact that we will survive these next moments, however long they last, indefinitely, indoors and in my case, in silence, save for the chitter-chatter of my thoughts ricocheting within me. Inji Aflatoun was an Egyptian painter and activist in the womens movement. I’d wait until a painting had dried, then I’d remove the canvas from the wooden stretcher and give it to one of the wardens who would wrap it around her body under her clothes. Skip to beginning of content. Image courtesy of Art Talks, Egypt. Her father, Hassan C. Efflatoun, was the founder of the Entomology Department, and Dean of the Faculty of Science at Cairo University and her mother, Salha Efflatoun, served in the Women's Committee of the Egyptian Red Crescent Society. Inji Efflatoun, Mathbahat Dinshaway (The Dinshaway Massacre), c. 1950s, ink on paper, 63.5 × 49.3cm. Image courtesy of Centre Pompidou. 1940. Hamed Nada. 2. Untitled (Fishing Boats) While awaiting Inshirah’s execution, I felt the massive tragedy of her story, as she had killed and stolen under the pressure of extremely harsh conditions and overwhelming misery. BARJEEL ART FOUNDATION Mailing Address Emirates Sail Tower, Level 4P Corniche Street, Buhairah Corniche Buhairah Corniche Al Majaz 3, Sharjah +971 6 569 1112 She was a "leading spokeswoman for the Marxist-progressive-nationalist-feminist movement in the late 1940s and 1950s", as well as a "pioneer of modern Egyptian art" and "one of the important Egyptian visual artists". Welcome to ‘The Quarantine Files’ series —where we chronicle the hours, days, weeks and eventually months of our time incubating indoors and channeling our short bursts of creativity. Efflatoun 79' (en bas à gauche) aquarelle, encre et feutre sur papier 31 x 44,6 cm. Image courtesy of Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah. Seeing the wind in the sails stirred many sorrows in me, and sparked an uncontrollable desire for freedom.. 28. Inji was, as surrealist Egyptian writer George Henein beautifully puts - ‘Setting up her imaginary world around a bird of dreams and the heavy weight of the void.’. Excerpts taken ‘From the memories of Inji Aflatun (excerpt); rear. See the subscription plans. While her work grew politically, her paintings in parallel became more politically engaged. After she met intellectual and feminist Sayza Nabarawi in 1950, Efflatoun joined the Youth Committee of the Egyptian Feminist Union. ⓘ Inji Aflatoun. Munira Al-Kazi, Untitled (Crucifixion) Haguette Caland, Body Parts. I did indeed paint her and her son - this was one of the paintings that were confiscated by the Criminal Investigations Department…. In 1942 at the meagre age of 18, Inji took part in the third ‘Art & Liberty’ exhibition (there was only 5 shows ever) and was the youngest amongst the 24 exhibitors. Selected Artwork: Inji Efflatoun, Dreams of the Detainee, 1961. اعتُقلت أفلاطون خلال حكم جمال عبد الناصر بعد صدور مرسوم يسمح باعتقال النساء المشاركات في الحراك السياسي، وتعكس لوحاتها في السجن الظروف القاسية التي كانت تعيشها. As she noted “Prison was a very enriching experience for my development as a human being and artist. Batool said she was inspired by the artwork because she also writes behind the bars of another prison: Gaza. ; 20 1/8 by 17 3/4 in. It seems her confinement had a serious impact on seeing the light.. ‘Some two or three months after I arrived in prison [in 1959], I felt a desire to paint and with it came a refusal to surrender to the status quo…I would go up to the roof of the building to paint anything I could find, eventually painting the inmates…, One of the most important subjects I painted from inside the prison was Inshirah, who had been sentenced to death, but her execution had been postponed for one year until her child was weaned. 474–485. 3, 1989, pp. Artwork shown at Art Talks 2013 exhibition ‘Long Live Free Art in 2013, Cairo. Inji’s self-isolation experience was dealt not by a massive epidemic like we find ourselves today, but in her incarceration in Egypt from 1959-1963. Inji Efflatoun, Dreams of the Detainee, 1961, oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, Egypt, Barjeel Art Foundation Inji Efflatoun, Dormitory of the Political Prisoners, 1961, oil, 76 x 50 cm, Egypt, photo by Betty LaDuke The Impressionists created the first lapse in the tides of conventionality. I became more open to people, to life. When I asked to paint her, the director [of the prison] told me that it would be very depressing. Poem Title: I Did Not Steal The Cloud. While Inji Efflatoun’s life was marked by phases of color and agony, her paintings vibrate with the spirit of revolution. Courtesy of Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah.. # quarantine # social # isolation # egypt # injiefflatoun # blog # writing # essay # critical # analysis # prison # series # jail # explore # artist # feminist @barjeelart # … If I’d be outside the prison I never would have painted just that one tree. Image courtesy of Christie's Images Ltd. Inji Efflatoun, 'Contemplation,' c. 1940s Ink on paper, 18.5 x 24.2 cm. يتسع نطاق أعمال إنجي أفلاطون ليشمل نفحاتٍ من الأدب الاجتماعي، والسريالية، والنسوية، والنشاطات السياسية، وغالباً ما تصوّر لوحاتها الصراعات اليومية لأبناء الطبقة العماليّة في القاهرة. Inji Efflatoun Born in Cairo, Egypt, in 1924; died in Cairo in 1989.. Works (from left to right): Banana Trees, no date Flower Behind the Wall, 1962 Palm trees, no date Mountains, 1975 Workers, 1975. I obtained permission from the General Manager to go up to the roof of the warehouse..[and] when the boats appeared [the other inmates] cried out ‘The boats are here!’ I painted many pictures of sailboats, depicting our immobility agains the movement of the sails…. During her incarceration, Efflatoun’s paintings captured the grim … Finding the extraordinary in the most mundane and trivial surroundings in her jail cell, Inji captured the sheer tragic yet poignant moments behind prison bars - whether it was in painting an inmate and learning her telling story, or finding the simple and beautiful nature through the small windows or atop the prison’s roof overlooking the Nile river. Front row, left to right: Jean Moscatelli, Kamel el Telmissany, Angelo de Riz, Ramses Younan, Fouad Kamel. (Interestingly enough, on the account that one of the most famous modern Egyptian painters Mahmoud Saïd (1897-1964) saw Inji’s early illustrations produced for her older sister Gulperie (known as Boulie) and he urged her mother for Inji to receive lessons!). During her incarceration, Efflatoun’s paintings captured the grim conditions in which she lived. May 11, 2017 - The Safarkhan Gallery pays tribute to a key figure in modern Egyptian art history, reviving rebel and artist Inji Efflatoun (1924-1989) in the January show, A Life in Struggle (to see a major exhibition on Egyptian Surrealism that just took place in 5 major museums in Europe from 2016-2018). Inji Efflatoun (1924-1989) A prolific figure of Arab modernism is the Cairo-born painter and political activist Inji Efflatoun. In the political arena, she published several poplar manifestos with a group of women to support women’s rights and peace, and became one of the founding members of the League of University and Institutes’ Young Women along with actively participating in the Women’s Committee for Popular Resistance. A Century in Flux: Highlights from the Barjeel art Foundation. Inji Efflatoun received a strict catholic education before studying at the French Lycée in Cairo, where she became familiar with Marxism. Description: INJI EFFLATOUN (EGYPTIEN, 1924-1989) Le repos au pied des arbres signé et daté 'I. Inji Efflatoun, Ezba (Farm), 1953, Oil on board, 47 x 63 cm. In March of that year she was secretly arrested under Nasser along with 25 female political activities. (12¼ x 17½ in.) As hungry as we’ve become for nature-filled walks with greenery and endless ocean waves (as I type from my apartment views of a concrete jungle in Dubai), we’re adapting to alternative modes of intellectual and social nutrition and embracing our inner poet, journalist, cinephile and painter-self within our four walls. Farid Belkahia. She initially received permission to sell her paintings outside the jail, with proceeds to benefit the prison, however was unsuccessful as no one wanted to buy the depressing compositions outside the prison. She was imprisoned for 4½ years between June 1959 and July 1964. So much was she enthralled with the Egyptian society, she refused her mother’s request to finish her fine art studies in Paris stating ‘It was very tempting to go to a good academy, but I refused completely. Inji Efflatoun, 'Motherhood,' c. 1950s oil on wood, 75 x 47 cm. (quote pp. Inji was in every sense a rebel noted equally as a women’s rights activist (even going undercover at one point as a peasant) as she was a talented painter rising to fame in the midst of World War II—all while keeping herself fashionably dressed and coiffed! Inji Efflatoun, In the Woman’s Prison, c. 1960, Oil on wood, 58x52 cm, Courtesy of a private collection. (Image courtesy of Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah.) In 1959 she went undercover disguised as a peasant under the Gamal Abdel Nasser regime as the communist party and Egyptian socialist movement was being outlawed. Key artists include Gazbia Sirry (b. There was one warden who was particularly good at smuggling: we called her ‘the express train.’ She would deliver the paintings to my sister in return for a sum of money. Judge Golan Haji said of the poem: “Writing gives the oppressed the honor of facing … Inji Efflatoun 1924 - 1989 EGYPTIAN 'AHLAM ALMUETAQALA (DREAMS OF THE DETAINEE) 1962 oil on canvas 51x45cm #injiefflatoun. Arabic-language poem (14-18), judged by poet Golan Haji. Double Dagger Indicates that the lot is being sold whilst subject to Temporary Importation, and … 479 & 483). egyptian 'ahlam almuetaqala (dreams of the detainee) signed and dated Inji Efflatoun '62 oil on canvas laid on board 51 by 45cm. 56. Her mother, a divorcee, opened the first tailoring shop run by a woman. The first time the public got acquainted with the works of Inji Efflatoun was the year 1942 in the midst of WWII. View additional info It was during this time she began to make many trips to ancient towns such as Luxor and the rural areas of Nubia, painting the men and women at work. How to smuggle the paintings out of the prison? It was just a few years earlier that El-Telmissany signed the ‘Long Live Degenerate Art’ manifesto in 1938 and then became the co-founder of the leftist Communist and anti-imperialist ‘Art & Liberty’ surrealist collective in 1939 that lasted until 1945. Inji Efflatoun (1924-1989) A prolific figure of Arab modernism is the Cairo-born painter and political activist Inji Efflatoun. Following her release from the prison in 1963 the artist painted subjects that evoked a sense of freedom, in her optimistic depictions of trees and sailboats and as illustrated in her brighter, highly textured compositions. WINNER: Batool Abu Akleen, Palestine. Inji Efflatoun. Inji Efflatoun Born in Cairo, Egypt, in 1924; died in Cairo in 1989.. During Gamal Abdel Nasser’s regime, she was arrested under a decree authorising the detention of women taking part in political activism. Works garnered titles such as You are Divorced (1952), The Fourth Wife, and We Will Not Forget (1951). I was worried they’d discover how we were smuggling them out, as this could result in my being completely banned from painting - a right that I had won only by a miracle. Courtesy Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah. Hope is contagious, and she illustrated this sentiment so beautifully in her paintings while experiencing this innate sensation in the prison cell with the inmates and guardians. (Image courtesy of Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah.) The clock ticks (rather the digital nanoseconds click), the mornings, however long or short they become now, turn to night either too quickly or begrudgingly slow. 1925), Zeinab Abd El Hamid (1919-2002), Effat Naghi (1905-1994), Marguerite Nakhla (1908-1977) and Margo Veillon (1907-2003), among others. 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