Ed. Medical professionals often refer to sections of the body in terms of anatomical planes (flat surfaces). Body planes 1. Locate the major body cavities and list the chief organs in each cavity. 11. Body planes are hypothetical geometric planes that divide the human body into sections. An anatomical plane is a hypothetical plane used to transect the body, in order to describe the location of structures or the direction of movements. When the plane passes through the midline of the body, and equal left and right sections are produced, the term midsagittal is used. Below are examples of some commonly used anatomical directional terms and planes of the body. 2. Anatomic Planes •Frontal or Coronal •A plane that separates the body or structure into anterior and posterior sections •Sagittal •A plane separating the body or a structure into left and right sections •A midsagittal plane seperates into equal left and right halves •Transverse or Horizontal •A plane that separates the body or It is also known as Y-X plane or Frontal planes; the coronal plane divides the body into ventral (front) and dorsal (back) portions.This plane also gives a clear image of the posterior and anterior portions of the body. The theoretical plane that divides the body down the middle into equal left and right sides is known as the median sagittal plane. 17. The body is three-dimensional. Correctly complete each statement by choosing the appropriate anatomical term from the key. There are three planes commonly used; sagittal, coronal and transverse. The sagittal (sa-GI-tal) plane also runs parallel to the long axis of the body, but produces left and right sections. 6. To identify the different sections of the body, anatomists use an imaginary flat surface called a plane. A human in the anatomical position, can be described using a coordinate system with the Z-axis going from front to back, the X-axis going from left to right, and the Y-axis going from up to down. Proximal/Distal–Equivalent to near and far. Body planes These are based on four imaginary planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. Today's Rank--0. The frontal plane runs parallel to the long axis of the body produces anterior and posterior sections. Thus, a cut along a transverse plane produces a transverse, or horizontal, section. normal body function. The sagittal (sa-GI-tal) plane also runs parallel to the long axis of the body, but produces left and right sections. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. The most commonly used planes are midsagittal (median), coronal (frontal), and transverse (horizontal). Several incomplete statements are listed below. Organ 12 Review Sheet 1 Directional Terms, Planes, and Sections 3. Coronal plane – a vertical line which divides the body into a front (anterior) section and back (posterior) section. Individual organs can also be divided by planes to help identify smaller structures within that organ. One of us! The terms are used to describe a specific body part. Body Planes and Sections . Jean He sechan s Several inmplere statements appear below Corecty complete each statement by choosing the appropriate anatomical tem from the choices. For the most part, directional terms are grouped in pairs of opposites based on … 18. 7. The two sections that meet this requirement are the 17 and 18 sections. This vocabulary consists of directional terms, body sections and planes and body cavities. It's important to know these body sections and planes, as they will help provide you with a point of reference when discussing the human body. A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a 19 section. Define plane. To identify the different sections of the body, anatomists use an imaginary flat surface called a plane. Record the key terms on the correspondingly numbered blanks below. Body planes are used to describe anatomical motion in the X-Y-Z coordinate system that the body moves through. 2 3 Body Planes and Sections • Body planes are hypothetical planes used to divide the body into sections for anatomical study • Medical imaging techniques such as sonography, CT scans, MRI scans, or PET scans are one of the primary applications of body planes • Three most common planes: • Sagittal plane • Frontal (coronal) plane • A procedure that realigns a bone or joint in a particular plane or planes is best indicated when the deforming force and resultant compensation are in that same plane or planes. Sagittal: The plane that runs down through the body, dividing the body into left and right portions. This means the person is standing and facing the observer. Choosing a procedure that fails to correct the plane of the deformity may lead to poor results. Sagittal plane – a vertical line which divides the body into a left section and a right section. 1) Frontal (Coronal) Plane: is vertical and extends from one side of the body to the other. by PHED 301 Students is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Body Planes and Sections INTRODUCTION: This activity will help you to learn the vocabulary describing the human body. 7. Add to favorites 0 favs. Transverse or horizontal planes divide the body into superior and inferior portions and are perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the body. A sagittal plane divides the body into sinister and dexter (left and right) portions. Sagittal: The plane that runs down through the body, dividing the body into left and right portions. The coronal plane, the sagittal plane, and the parasaggital planes are examples of longitudinal Actions. They are commonly used in both human and zoological anatomy to describe the location or direction of bodily structures. Body planes have several uses within the anatomy field, including in medical imaging, descriptions of body motion, and embryology. Numerous medical imaging techniques including x-rays, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provide sectional views of the internal structures of the body. All the terms are used relative to the anatomical position which provides us with reference for describing the body. Listed below are general anatomical terms and their meanings. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! 5. 2 sagittal sections. The three most common planes are: Sagittal (Median) plane (cuts body into left & right) Frontal (coronal) plane (cuts body into front & back) Transverse plane (cross section) (cuts body into superior & inferior parts) Sagittal – think twins Related quizzes:. 15. Use each term only once anterior distal nferior posterior proxitmat sagittal ateral trensverse- 1. Mainly these body planes are used in human anatomy to describe the direction and location of body structures. 19. 12. Body Planes and Sections. 3. Body planes are hypothetical geometric planes used to divide the body into sections. Reference planes are the standard planes used in anatomical terminology and include: Body Planes and Sections • Sagittal section passes vertically thru the body – Divides the body into right and left portions. This vocabulary consists of directional terms, body sections and planes and body cavities. Directional Terms. ; The anatomy of bones, Quiz 1 - Including the terms used to describe the various parts of bones. In human and animal anatomy, three principal planes are used: The sagittal plane or lateral plane (longitudinal, anteroposterior) is a plane parallel to the sagittal suture.It divides the body into left and right. Anatomical directions help avoid confusion, prevent further injury and prevent mistakes. Body Orientation, Direction, Planes, and Sections 2. 9. Total Points. Usually used to orient the positions of structures and … The planes can then be used to identify and locate the positions of the patient’s internal organs. 10. When the plane passes through the midline of the body, and equal left and right sections are produced, the term midsagittal is used. There are three planes (Figure 3), or sections, that lie at right angles to one another. The coronal planes intersect the median plane at a 90-degree angle and show the anatomical body parts into front and back halves. 0. 13. Reference planes are the standard planes used in anatomical terminology and include: While these are the major reference planes of the body, other planes are commonly used in relation to these three. The transverse (or horizontal) plane is perpendicular to the long axis of the body, and produces superior and inferior sections. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Reference planes are the standard planes used in anatomical terminology and include: Advanced Anatomy 2nd. Reference planes are the standard planes used in anatomical terminology and include: All the terms are used relative to the anatomical position which provides us with reference for describing the body. The body may be sectioned (cut) along a flat surface called a plane. It divides the body into front and back sections. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. They are especially important to know if you plan to enter a healthcare field that involves analyzing images from MRI machines and other types of imaging equipment. Medical imaging techniques such as sonography, CT scans, MRI scans, or PET scans are one of the primary applications of body planes. ; Joints, Quiz 1 - Test your knowledge of the joints of the body. planes. Study Flashcards On body planes and sections at Cram.com. Main Reference Planes . By imaging a patient in standard anatomical position, a radiologist can build an X-Y-Z axis around the patient to apply body planes to the images. The directional references allow the body to be divided along three imaginary planes. [ "article:topic", "license:ccbysa", "showtoc:no" ], https://med.libretexts.org/@app/auth/3/login?returnto=https%3A%2F%2Fmed.libretexts.org%2FBookshelves%2FAnatomy_and_Physiology%2FBook%253A_Anatomy_and_Physiology_(Boundless)%2F1%253A_Introduction_to_Anatomy_and_Physiology%2F1.4%253A_Mapping_the_Body%2F1.4D%253A_Body_Planes_and_Sections, Identify the three basic anatomical reference planes. • Frontal (coronal) section passes vertically thru the body A coronal or frontal plane divides the body into dorsal and ventral (back and front, or posterior and anterior) portions. The section is named for the plane along which it is cut. Is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left parts. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. They are commonly used in both human and zoological anatomy to describe the location or direction of bodily structures. These planes are imaginary lines – vertical or horizontal – drawn through an upright body. Understanding body planes also plays an important role in surgical planning. The Language of Anatomy Describe the anatomical position verbally or demonstrate it. A transverse plane, also known as an axial plane or cross-section, divides the body into cranial and caudal (head and tail) portions. For example, during human embryonic development the coronal plane is horizontal, but becomes vertical as the embryo develops into a fetus. 8. The anatomical position is further standardized by dividing the body into three anatomical planes. Understanding body planes also plays an important role in surgical planning. ; Images and pdf's:. This anatomical body sections and planes quiz will test your knowledge on the sections of the body in human anatomy, as well as the body plans. A longitudinal plane is any plane perpendicular to the transverse plane, while parasaggital planes are parallel to the saggital plane. Today 's Points. An anatomist could model a limb’s range of motion by measuring which planes the limb can move through and how far it is able to travel. Body movements, Quiz 1 - The anatomical terms used to describe the different types of movement of the body. midsagittal/median section, parasagittal sections. They are commonly used in both human and zoological anatomy to describe the location or direction of bodily structures. 4. So, to observe its internal parts, it often helps to make use of a section, or cut made along an imaginary surface or line called a plane. Directional terms also help us to explain where one body part is in relation to another body part. 1. Listed below are general anatomical terms and their meanings. They are 1.Sagittal 2.Midsagittal (median) plane 3.Frontal (coronal) plane 4.Transverse plane (cross section) 12. All the best and keep on revising. Medical professionals often refer to sections of the body in terms of anatomical planes (flat surfaces). Game Points. Body Planes and Sections INTRODUCTION: This activity will help you to learn the vocabulary describing the human body. When any other sagittal section is produced, the term parasagittal is used. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. Use proper anatomical terminology to describe body directions, surfaces, and body planes. Reference planes are the standard planes used in anatomical terminology and include: A human body in the anatomical position is described with the help of a coordinate system, The frontal plane is sometimes referred to as the coronal (kor-O-nal) plane, particularly when dealing with sections through the skull. This means the person is standing and facing the observer. Choosing a procedure that fails to correct the plane of the deformity may lead to poor results. – Midsagittal vs Parasaggital • Transverse section passes horizontally thru the body – Divides the body into superior and inferior portions. CT scans are typically transverse sections. In comparative embryology, body planes provide a basis for comparing the ways in which different types of organisms develop anatomically within the womb. Body planes are hypothetical geometric planes used to divide the body into sections. They are commonly used in both human and zoological anatomy to describe the location or direction of bodily structures. Body planes and sections. Sagittal (also known as longitudinal) plane — this vertical (top to bottom) plane divides the body into left and right sides. represents a SPECIFIC VERTICAL plane/ "slice" that divides the body into EQUAL LEFT and RIGHT portions and travels right down the MIDDLE of the body parasagittal sections (4) Represent SEVERAL VERTICAL planes/ "slices" that divide the body into LEFT and … Advertisement. Body planes are used to describe specific sections or regions of the body. These planes are imaginary lines – vertical or horizontal – drawn through an upright body. In anatomy and physiology, the anatomical body planes and sections help us understand the various ways in which the body can be viewed when cut into sections. The coronal plane or frontal plane divides the body into dorsal and ventral portions whereas the transverse plane or axial plane divides the body into cranial and caudal portions. 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